       
       
    
SLVS230G − SEPTEMBER 1999 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
www.ti.com
1
DOpen Drain Power-On Reset With 200 ms
Delay (TPS777xx)
DOpen Drain Power Good (TPS778xx)
D750-mA Low-Dropout Voltage Regulator
DAvailable in 1.5-V, 1.8-V, 2.5-V, 3.3-V Fixed
Output and Adjustable Versions
DDropout Voltage to 260 mV (Typ) at 750 mA
(TPS77x33)
DUltralow 85 mA Typical Quiescent Current
DFast Transient Response
D2% Tolerance Over Specified Conditions for
Fixed-Output Versions
D8-Pin SOIC and 20-Pin TSSOP PowerPAD
(PWP) Package
DThermal Shutdown Protection
description
TPS777xx and TPS778xx are designed to have a
fast transient response and be stable with a 10 µF
low ESR capacitor. This combination provides
high performance at a reasonable cost.
TA − Free-Air Temperature − °C
−40 0 20 120
103
−60 40 60 80 100
− Dropout Voltage − mV
VDO
TPS77x33
DROPOUT VOLTAGE
vs
FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE
102
101
100
10−1
10−2 −20 140
IO = 750 mA
IO = 10 mA
IO = 0
Co = 10 µF
t − Time − µs
TPS77x33
LOAD TRANSIENT RESPONSE
I − Output Current − mA
OVO− Change in
Output Voltage − mV
500
0
604020 80 100 140120 160 180 200
0
0
50
−50
1000
Co = 2x47 µF
ESR = 1/2x100 m
VO = 3.3 V
VI = 4.3 V
  !"#$" % &'##( $% "! )'*+&$" ,$(- #",'&%
&"!"# " %)(&!&$"% )(# ( (#% "! (.$% %#'(% %$,$#, $##$/-
#",'&" )#"&(%%0 ,"(% " (&(%%$#+/ &+',( (%0 "! $++ )$#$((#%-
Copyright 1999 − 2004, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Please be aware that an important notice concerning availability, standard warranty, and use in critical applications of Texas Instruments
semiconductor products and disclaimers thereto appears at the end of this data sheet.
All trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
1
2
3
4
8
7
6
5
GND
EN
IN
IN
RESET/PG
FB/NC
OUT
OUT
D PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
NC − No internal connection
GND/HSINK
GND/HSINK
GND
NC
EN
IN
IN
NC
GND/HSINK
GND/HSINK
GND/HSINK
GND/HSINK
NC
NC
RESET/PG
FB/NC
OUT
OUT
GND/HSINK
GND/HSINK
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
PWP PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
       
       
    
SLVS230G − SEPTEMBER 1999 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
www.ti.com
2
description (continued)
Because the PMOS device behaves as a low-value resistor, the dropout voltage is very low (typically 260 mV at an output
current of 750 mA for the TPS77x33) and is directly proportional to the output current. Additionally, since the PMOS pass
element is a voltage-driven device, the quiescent current is very low and independent of output loading (typically 85 µA over
the full range of output current, 0 mA to 750 mA). These two key specifications yield a significant improvement in operating
life for battery-powered systems. This LDO family also features a sleep mode; applying a TTL high signal to EN (enable)
shuts down the regulator, reducing the quiescent current to 1 µA at TJ = 25°C.
The RESET output of the TPS777xx initiates a reset in microcomputer and microprocessor systems in the event of an
undervoltage condition. An internal comparator in the TPS777xx monitors the output voltage of the regulator to detect an
undervoltage condition on the regulated output voltage.
Power good (PG) of the TPS778xx is an active high output, which can be used to implement a power-on reset or a
low-battery indicator.
The TPS777xx and TPS778xx are offered in 1.5-V, 1.8-V, 2.5-V, and 3.3-V fixed-voltage versions and in an adjustable
version (programmable over the range of 1.5 V to 5.5 V for the TPS77701 option and 1.2 V to 5.5 V for the TPS77801 option).
Output voltage tolerance is specified as a maximum of 2% over line, load, and temperature ranges. The TPS777xx and
TPS778xx families are available in 8-pin SOIC and 20-pin PWP packages.
AVAILABLE OPTIONS
TJ
OUTPUT
VOLTAGE
(V) PACKAGED DEVICES
TJ
TYP TSSOP
(PWP) SOIC
(D)
3.3 TPS77733PWP TPS77833PWP TPS77733D TPS77833D
2.5 TPS77725PWP TPS77825PWP TPS77725D TPS77825D
1.8 TPS77718PWP TPS77818PWP TPS77718D TPS77818D
−40
°
C to 125
°
C
1.5 TPS77715PWP TPS77815PWP TPS77715D TPS77815D
−40°C to 125°C
Adjustable
1.5 V to 5.5 V TPS77701PWP TPS77701D
Adjustable
1.2 V to 5.5 V TPS77801PWP TPS77801D
The TPS77x01 is programmable using an external resistor divider (see application information). The D and PWP
packages are available taped and reeled. Add an R suffix to the device type (e.g., TPS77701DR).
(1) See application information section for capacitor selection details.
RESET/
PG
OUT
OUT
7
6
5
IN
IN
EN
GND
3
16
14
13
VI
0.1 µF
RESET/PG
VO
10 µF
+Co(1)
Figure 1. Typical Application Configuration for Fixed Output Options
       
       
    
SLVS230G − SEPTEMBER 1999 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
www.ti.com
3
functional block diagram—adjustable version
200 ms Delay
(for RESET Option)
_
+
Vref = 1.1834 V
OUT
FB/NC
EN
GND
PG or RESET
_
+
IN
External to the device
R1
R2
functional block diagram—fixed-voltage version
_
+
Vref = 1.1834 V
OUT
EN
GND
R1
R2
PG or RESET
_
+
IN
200 ms Delay
(for RESET Option)
       
       
    
SLVS230G − SEPTEMBER 1999 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
www.ti.com
4
Terminal Functions
SOIC Package (TPS777xx)
TERMINAL
I/O
DESCRIPTION
NAME NO.
I/O
DESCRIPTION
EN 2 I Enable input
FB/NC 7 I Feedback input voltage for adjustable device (no connect for fixed options)
GND 1 Regulator ground
IN 3, 4 IInput voltage
OUT 5, 6 ORegulated output voltage
RESET 8 O RESET output
TSSOP Package (TPS777xx)
TERMINAL
I/O
DESCRIPTION
NAME NO.
I/O
DESCRIPTION
EN 5 I Enable input
FB/NC 15 I Feedback input voltage for adjustable device (no connect for fixed options)
GND 3 Regulator ground
GND/HSINK 1, 2, 9, 10, 11,
12, 19, 20 Ground/heatsink
IN 6, 7 I Input
NC 4, 8, 17, 18 No connect
OUT 13, 14 ORegulated output voltage
RESET 16 O RESET output
SOIC Package (TPS778xx)
TERMINAL
I/O
DESCRIPTION
NAME NO.
I/O
DESCRIPTION
EN 2 I Enable input
FB/NC 7 I Feedback input voltage for adjustable device (no connect for fixed options)
GND 1 Regulator ground
IN 3, 4 IInput voltage
OUT 5, 6 ORegulated output voltage
PG 8 O PG output
TSSOP Package (TPS778xx)
TERMINAL
I/O
DESCRIPTION
NAME NO.
I/O
DESCRIPTION
EN 5 I Enable input
FB/NC 15 I Feedback input voltage for adjustable device (no connect for fixed options)
GND 3 Regulator ground
GND/HSINK 1, 2, 9, 10, 11,
12, 19, 20 Ground/heatsink
IN 6, 7 I Input
NC 4, 8, 17, 18 No connect
OUT 13, 14 ORegulated output voltage
PG 16 O PG output
       
       
    
SLVS230G − SEPTEMBER 1999 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
www.ti.com
5
TPS777xx RESET timing diagram
(1) Vres is the minimum input voltage for a valid RESET. The symbol Vres is not currently listed within EIA or JEDEC standards for semiconducto
r
symbology.
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
V
I
Vres(1) Vres
t
t
t
VO
Threshold
Voltage
RESET
Output 200 ms
Delay 200 ms
Delay
Output
Undefined
Output
Undefined
VIT+(2)
VIT(2) VIT(2)
VIT+(2)
Less than 5% of the
output voltage
(2) V
IT
−Trip voltage is typically 5% lower than the output voltage (95%V
O
) V
IT−
to V
IT+
is the hysteresis voltage.
       
       
    
SLVS230G − SEPTEMBER 1999 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
www.ti.com
6
absolute maximum ratings over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)(1)
Input voltage range(2), VI 0.3 V to 13.5 V. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Voltage range at EN −0.3 V to 16.5 V. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maximum RESET voltage (TPS777xx) 16.5 V. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maximum PG voltage (TPS778xx) 16.5 V. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Peak output current Internally limited. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Output voltage, VO (OUT, FB) 7 V. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Continuous total power dissipation See dissipation rating tables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating junction temperature range, TJ −40°C to 125°C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storage temperature range, Tstg −65°C to 150°C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ESD rating, HBM 2 kV. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(1) Stresses beyond those listed under absolute maximum ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and
functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under recommended operating conditions is not
implied. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
(2) All voltage values are with respect to network terminal ground.
DISSIPATION RATING TABLE 1 − FREE-AIR TEMPERATURES
PACKAGE AIR FLOW
(CFM) TA < 25°C
POWER RATING DERATING FACTOR
ABOVE TA = 25°CTA = 70°C
POWER RATING TA = 85°C
POWER RATING
0568 mW 5.68 mW/°C312 mW 227 mW
250 904 mW 9.04 mW/°C497 mW 361 mW
DISSIPATION RATING TABLE 2 − FREE-AIR TEMPERATURES
PACKAGE AIR FLOW
(CFM) TA < 25°C
POWER RATING DERATING FACTOR
ABOVE TA = 25°CTA = 70°C
POWER RATING TA = 85°C
POWER RATING
02.9 W 23.5 mW/°C1.9 W 1.5 W
300 4.3 W 34.6 mW/°C 2.8 W 2.2 W
03 W 23.8 mW/°C1.9 W 1.5 W
300 7.2 W 57.9 mW/°C4.6 W 3.8 W
(1) This parameter is measured with the recommended copper heat sink pattern on a 1-layer PCB, 5 in × 5 in PCB, 1 oz.
copper, 2 in × 2 in coverage (4 in2).
(2) This parameter is measured with the recommended copper heat sink pattern on a 8-layer PCB, 1.5 in × 2 in PCB, 1 oz.
copper with layers 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, and 8 at 5% coverage (0.9 in2) and layers 3 and 6 at 100% coverage (6 in2). For more
information, refer to TI technical brief SLMA002.
recommended operating conditions MIN MAX UNIT
Input voltage, VI(1) 2.7 10 V
Output voltage range, VO
TPS77701 1.5 5.5
V
Output voltage range, VOTPS77801 1.2 5.5 V
Operating junction temperature, TJ−40 125 °C
(1) Minimum VIN = VOUT + VDO or 2.7V, whichever is greater.
       
       
    
SLVS230G − SEPTEMBER 1999 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
www.ti.com
7
electrical characteristics over recommended operating temperature range (TJ = −40°C to 125°C),
VI = VO(typ) + 1 V, IO = 1 mA, EN = 0 V, Co = 10 µF (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNIT
1.5 V VO 5.5 V, TJ = 25°C VO
TPS77701 1.5 V VO 5.5 V, 0.98VO1.02VO
1.2 V VO 5.5 V, TJ = 25°C VO
TPS77801 1.2 V VO 5.5 V, 0.98VO1.02VO
TJ = 25°C, 2.7 V < VIN < 10 V 1.5
Output voltage (10 A to 750 mA load)
TPS77x15 TJ = −40°C to 125°C, 2.7 V < VIN < 10 V 1.470 1.530
V
Output voltage (10 µA to 750 mA load)
TJ = 25°C, 2.8 V < VIN < 10 V 1.8 V
TPS77x18 TJ = −40°C to 125°C, 2.8 V < VIN < 10 V 1.764 1.836
TJ = 25°C, 3.5 V < VIN < 10 V 2.5
TPS77x25 TJ = −40°C to 125°C, 3.5 V < VIN < 10 V 2.450 2.550
TJ = 25°C, 4.3 V < VIN < 10 V 3.3
TPS77x33 TJ = −40°C to 125°C, 4.3 V < VIN < 10 V 3.234 3.366
Quiescent current (GND current)
10 µA < IO < 750 mA, TJ = 25°C 85
A
Quiescent current (GND current) IO = 750 mA 125 µA
Output voltage line regulation (VO/VO)VO + 1 V < VI 10 V, TJ = 25°C 0.01 %/V
Load regulation 3 mV
Output noise voltage (TPS77x18) BW = 200 Hz to 100 kHz, Co = 10 µF,
TJ = 25°C, IC = 750 µA54 µVrms
Output current limit VO = 0 V 1.2 1.7 2 A
Thermal shutdown junction temperature 150 °C
Standby current
EN = VI, TJ = 25°C,
2.7 V < VI < 10 V 1µA
Standby current EN = VI, 2.7 V < VI < 10 V 10 µA
FB input current TPS77x01 FB = 1.5 V 2 nA
High level enable input voltage 1.7 V
Low level enable input voltage 0.9 V
Power supply ripple rejection f = 1 KHz, Co = 10 µF,
TJ = 25°C60 dB
Minimum input voltage for valid RESET IO(RESET) = 300 µA 1.1 V
Trip threshold voltage VO decreasing 92 98 %VO
Reset
(TPS777xx)
Hysteresis voltage Measured at VO0.5 %VO
Reset
(TPS777xx
)
Output low voltage VI = 2.7 V, IO(RESET) = 1 mA 0.15 0.4 V
Leakage current V(RESET) = 5 V 1µA
RESET time-out delay 200 ms
       
       
    
SLVS230G − SEPTEMBER 1999 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
www.ti.com
8
electrical characteristics over recommended operating temperature range (TJ = −40°C to 125°C),
VI = VO(typ) + 1 V, IO = 1 mA, EN = 0 V, Co = 10 µF (unless otherwise noted) (continued)
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNIT
Minimum input voltage for valid PG IO(PG) = 300 µA 1.1 V
PG
Trip threshold voltage VO decreasing 92 98 %VO
PG
(TPS778xx)
Hysteresis voltage Measured at VO0.5 %VO
(TPS778xx)
Output low voltage VI = 2.7 V, IO(PG) = 1 mA 0.15 0.4 V
Leakage current V(PG) = 5 V 1µA
Input current (EN)
EN = 0 V −1 0 1
A
Input current (EN)EN = VI−1 1 µA
TPS77733
IO = 750 mA, TJ = 25°C 260
Dropout voltage (1)
TPS77733 IO = 750 mA, 427
mV
Dropout voltage (1)
TPS77833
IO = 750 mA, TJ = 25°C 260 mV
TPS77833 IO = 750 mA, 427
(1) IN voltage equals VO(typ) − 100 mV; TPS77x01 output voltage set to 3.3 V nominal with external resistor divider. TPS77x15, TPS77x18, and
TPS77x25 dropout voltage limited by input voltage range limitations (i.e., TPS77x33 input voltage needs to drop to 3.2 V for purpose of this
test).
TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Table of Graphs
FIGURE
VO
Output voltage
vs Output current 2, 3, 4
VOOutput voltage vs Free-air temperature 5, 6, 7
Ground current vs Free-air temperature 8
Power supply ripple rejection vs Frequency 9
Output spectral noise density vs Frequency 10
ZoOutput impedance vs Frequency 11
VDO
Dropout voltage
vs Input voltage 12
VDO Dropout voltage vs Free-air temperature 13
Input voltage (min) vs Output voltage 14
Line transient response 15, 17
Load transient response 16, 18
VOOutput voltage vs Time 19
Equivalent series resistance (ESR) vs Output current 21 − 24
       
       
    
SLVS230G − SEPTEMBER 1999 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
www.ti.com
9
TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Figure 2
IO − Output Current − A
TPS77x33
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
vs
OUTPUT CURRENT
3.2830
3.2815
3.2800 0.125 0.375
3.2825
3.2820
3.2810
0.25
3.2835
0
− Output Voltage − V
VO
3.2805
0.5 0.675 0.75
VI = 4.3 V
TA = 25°C
Figure 3
IO − Output Current − A
1.4975
1.4960
1.4950
1.4970
1.4965
1.4955
1.4985
− Output Voltage − V
VO
TPS77x15
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
vs
OUTPUT CURRENT
1.4980
0.125 0.3750.250 0.5 0.675 0.75
VI = 2.7 V
TA = 25°C
Figure 4
0.125 0.3750.250 0.5 0.675 0.75
IO − Output Current − A
TPS77x25
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
vs
OUTPUT CURRENT
2.4955
2.4940
2.4920
2.4950
2.4945
2.4935
2.4960
− Output Voltage − V
VO
2.4930
2.4925
VI = 3.5 V
TA = 25°C
Figure 5
TA − Free-Air Temperature − °C
TPS77x33
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
vs
FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE
− Output Voltage − V
VO
3.31
3.28
3.25 −40 0
3.30
3.29
3.27
−20 100 140
3.32
−60 120
3.26
20 40 60 80
VI = 4.3 V
IO = 750 mA IO = 1 mA
       
       
    
SLVS230G − SEPTEMBER 1999 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
www.ti.com
10
TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Figure 6
TA − Free-Air Temperature − °C
TPS77x15
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
vs
FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE
− Output Voltage − V
VO
1.515
1.500
1.485 −40 0
1.510
1.505
1.495
−20 100−60 120
1.490
20 40 60 80
VI = 2.7 V
IO = 750 mA
IO = 1 mA
140
Figure 7
TA − Free-Air Temperature − °C
TPS77x25
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
vs
FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE
− Output Voltage − V
VO
−40 0−20 100−60 12020 40 60 80
2.515
2.500
2.480
2.510
2.505
2.495
2.490
2.485
VI = 3.5 V
IO = 750 mA
IO = 1 mA
Figure 8
TA − Free-Air Temperature − °C
TPS77xxx
GROUND CURRENT
vs
FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE
Ground Current − Aµ
−40 0−20 100−60 12020 40 60 80 140
IO = 500 mA
100
95
90
85
80
75
IO = 1 mA
IO = 750 mA
Figure 9
100k10k
PSRR − Power Supply Ripple Rejection − dB
f − Frequency − Hz
POWER SUPPLY RIPPLE REJECTION
vs
FREQUENCY
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
−10
TPS77x33
90
80
1k10010 1M
VI = 4.3 V
Co = 10 µF
TA = 25°C
       
       
    
SLVS230G − SEPTEMBER 1999 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
www.ti.com
11
TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Figure 10
TPS77x33
OUTPUT SPECTRAL NOISE DENSITY
vs
FREQUENCY
f − Frequency − Hz
102103104105
10−5
10−6
10−8
10−7
IO = 7 mA
IO = 750 mA
VI = 4.3 V
Co = 10 µF
TA = 25°C
V HzOutput Spectral Noise Density − µ
Figure 11
f − Frequency − kHz
− Output Impedance −Zo
101102105106
0
10−1
10−2 104
103
IO = 1 mA
IO = 750 mA
VI = 4.3 V
Co = 10 µF
TA = 25°C
TPS77x33
OUTPUT IMPEDANCE
vs
FREQUENCY
Figure 12
VI − Input Voltage − V
600
300
034
500
400
200
3.52.5
− Dropout Voltage − mV
100
4.5 5
VDO
TA = 125°C
TA = −40°C
TA = 25°C
IO = 750 mA
TPS77x01
DROPOUT VOLTAGE
vs
INPUT VOLTAGE
Figure 13
TA − Free-Air Temperature − °C
−40 0 20 120
103
−60 40 60 80 100
− Dropout Voltage − mV
VDO
TPS77x33
DROPOUT VOLTAGE
vs
FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE
102
101
100
10−1
10−2 −20 140
IO = 750 mA
IO = 10 mA
IO = 0
Co = 10 µF
       
       
    
SLVS230G − SEPTEMBER 1999 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
www.ti.com
12
TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Figure 14
3
2.7
21.5 1.75 2 2.25 2.5 2.75
− Input Voltage (Min) − V
INPUT VOLTAGE (MIN)
vs
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
4
3 3.25 3.5
VI
VO − Output Voltage − V
IO = 0.75 A
TA = −40°C
TA = 125°C
TA = 25°C
Figure 15
VO− Change in
10
0
3.7
2.7
TPS77x15
LINE TRANSIENT RESPONSE
VI
t − Time − µs
0604020 80 100 140120 160 180 200
− Input Voltage − V
Output Voltage − mV
Co = 10 µF
TA = 25°C
−10
Figure 16
t − Time − µs
TPS77x15
LOAD TRANSIENT RESPONSE
I − Output Current − mA
OVO− Change in
Output Voltage − mV
500
0
604020 80 100 140120 160 180 200
0
0
50
−50
1000
Co = 2x47 µF
ESR = 1/2x100 m
VO = 1.5 V
VI = 2.7 V
Figure 17
TPS77x33
LINE TRANSIENT RESPONSE
t − Time − µs
VO− Change in VI− Input Voltage − V
Output Voltage − mV
5.3
604020 80 100 140120 160 180 200
Co = 10 µF
TA = 25°C
0
4.3
10
0
−10
       
       
    
SLVS230G − SEPTEMBER 1999 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
www.ti.com
13
TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Figure 18
t − Time − µs
TPS77x33
LOAD TRANSIENT RESPONSE
I − Output Current − mA
OVO− Change in
Output Voltage − mV
500
0
604020 80 100 140120 160 180 200
0
0
50
−50
1000
Co = 2x47 µF
ESR = 1/2x100 m
VO = 3.3 V
VI = 4.3 V
Figure 19
t − Time − ms
TPS77x33
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
vs
TIME (AT STARTUP)
3
2
0.30.20.1 0.4 0.5 0.70.6 0.8 0.9 10
VO− Output Voltage − V
0
1
4
Enable Pulse − V
0
Co = 10 µF
IO = 750 mA
TA = 25°C
IN
EN
OUT
+
GND Co
ESR
R
VITo Load
RL
Figure 20. Test Circuit for Typical Regions of Stability (Figures 21 through 24) (Fixed Output Options)
       
       
    
SLVS230G − SEPTEMBER 1999 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
www.ti.com
14
TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Figure 21
0 125 250 375 500 625
TYPICAL REGION OF STABILITY
EQUIVALENT SERIES RESISTANCE(1)
vs
OUTPUT CURRENT
10
IO − Output Current − mA
1
750
VO = 3.3 V
Co = 4.7 µF
VI = 4.3 V
TA = 25°C
Region of Stability
Region of Instability
ESR − Equivalent Series Resistance −
0.1
0.01
Region of Instability
Figure 22
0 125 250 375 500 625 750
TYPICAL REGION OF STABILITY
EQUIVALENT SERIES RESISTANCE(1)
vs
OUTPUT CURRENT
IO − Output Current − mA
ESR − Equivalent Series Resistance −
10
VO = 3.3 V
Co = 4.7 µF
VI = 4.3 V
TJ = 125°CRegion of Stability
Region of Instability
1
0.1
0.01
Region of Instability
Figure 23
TYPICAL REGION OF STABILITY
EQUIVALENT SERIES RESISTANCE(1)
vs
OUTPUT CURRENT
IO − Output Current − mA
0 125 250 375 500 625 750
Region of Instability
Region of Stability
VO = 3.3 V
Co = 22 µF
VI = 4.3 V
TA = 25°C
ESR − Equivalent Series Resistance −
Region of Instability
10
1
0.1
0.01
Figure 24
ESR − Equivalent Series Resistance −
TYPICAL REGION OF STABILITY
EQUIVALENT SERIES RESISTANCE(1)
vs
OUTPUT CURRENT
IO − Output Current − mA
0 125 250 375 500 625 750
VO = 3.3 V
Co = 22 µF
VI = 4.3 V
TJ = 125°CRegion of Stability
Region of Instability
10
1
0.1
0.01
Region of Instability
(1) Equivalent series resistance (ESR) refers to the total series resistance, including the ESR of the capacitor, any series resistance added
externally, and PWB trace resistance to Co.
       
       
    
SLVS230G − SEPTEMBER 1999 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
www.ti.com
15
APPLICATION INFORMATION
The TPS777xx and TPS778xx families include four fixed-output voltage regulators (1.5 V, 1.8 V, 2.5 V, and 3.3 V), and an
adjustable regulator, the TPS77x01 (adjustable from 1.5 V to 5.5 V for TPS77701 option and 1.2 V to 5.5 V for TPS77801
option).
device operation
The TPS777xx and TPS778xx feature very low quiescent current, which remains virtually constant even with varying loads.
Conventional LDO regulators use a pnp pass element, the base current of which is directly proportional to the load current
through the regulator (IB = IC/β). The TPS777xx and TPS778xx use a PMOS transistor to pass current; because the gate
of the PMOS is voltage driven, operating current is low and invariable over the full load range.
Another pitfall associated with the pnp-pass element is its tendency to saturate when the device goes into dropout. The
resulting drop in β forces an increase in IB to maintain the load. During power up, this translates to large start-up currents.
Systems with limited supply current may fail to start up. In battery-powered systems, it means rapid battery discharge when
the voltage decays below the minimum required for regulation. The TPS777xx and TPS778xx quiescent currents remain
low even when the regulator drops out, eliminating both problems.
The TPS777xx and TPS778xx families also feature a shutdown mode that places the output in the high-impedance state
(essentially equal to the feedback-divider resistance) and reduces quiescent current to 2 µA. If the shutdown feature is not
used, EN should be tied to ground.
minimum load requirements
The TPS777xx and TPS778xx families are stable even at zero load; no minimum load is required for operation.
FB—pin connection (adjustable version only)
The FB pin is an input pin to sense the output voltage and close the loop for the adjustable option . The output voltage is
sensed through a resistor divider network to close the loop as it is shown in Figure 26. Normally, this connection should
be as short as possible; however, the connection can be made near a critical circuit to improve performance at that point.
Internally, FB connects to a high-impedance wide-bandwidth amplifier and noise pickup feeds through to the regulator
output. Routing the FB connection to minimize/avoid noise pickup is essential.
external capacitor requirements
An input capacitor is not usually required; however, a ceramic bypass capacitor (0.047 µF or larger) improves load transient
response and noise rejection if the TPS777xx or TPS778xx are located more than a few inches from the power supply. A
higher-capacitance electrolytic capacitor may be necessary if large (hundreds of milliamps) load transients with fast rise
times are anticipated.
Like all low dropout regulators, the TPS777xx and TPS778xx require an output capacitor connected between OUT and
GND to stabilize the internal control loop. The minimum recommended capacitance value is 10 µF and the ESR (equivalent
series resistance) must be between 50 m and 1.5 . Capacitor values 10 µF or larger are acceptable, provided the ESR
is less than 1.5 . Solid tantalum electrolytic, aluminum electrolytic, and multilayer ceramic capacitors are all suitable,
provided they meet the requirements described previously.
       
       
    
SLVS230G − SEPTEMBER 1999 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
www.ti.com
16
APPLICATION INFORMATION
external capacitor requirements (continued)
RESET/
PG
OUT
OUT
7
6
5
IN
IN
EN
GND
3
16
14
13
VI
C1
0.1 µF
RESET/PG
VO
10 µF
+Co
250 k
Figure 25. Typical Application Circuit (Fixed Versions)
programming the TPS77x01 adjustable LDO regulator
The output voltage of the TPS77x01 adjustable regulator is programmed using an external resistor divider as shown in
Figure 26. The output voltage is calculated using:
VO+Vref ǒ1)R1
R2Ǔ(
1)
Where:
V
ref
= 1.1834 V typ (the internal reference voltage)
Resistors R1 and R2 should be chosen for approximately 10-µA divider current. Lower value resistors can be used but of fer
no inherent advantage and waste more power. Higher values should be avoided as leakage currents at FB increase the
output voltage error. The recommended design procedure is to choose R2 = 110 k to set the divider current at
approximately 10 µA and then calculate R1 using:
R1 +ǒVO
Vref *1Ǔ R2 (2)
OUTPUT
VOLTAGE R1 R2
2.5 V
3.3 V
3.6 V
4.75 V
UNIT
121
196
226
332
110
110
110
110
k
k
k
k
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
PROGRAMMING GUIDE
VO
VIRESET/
PG
OUT
FB / NC
R1
R2
GND
EN
IN
0.9 V
1.7 V
TPS77x01
Reset or PG Output
0.1 µF250 k
Co
Figure 26. TPS77x01 Adjustable LDO Regulator Programming
       
       
    
SLVS230G − SEPTEMBER 1999 − REVISED JANUARY 2004
www.ti.com
17
APPLICATION INFORMATION
reset indicator
The TPS777xx features a RESET output that can be used to monitor the status of the regulator. The internal comparator
monitors the output voltage: when the output drops to between 92% and 98% of its nominal regulated value, the RESET
output transistor turns on, taking the signal low. The open-drain output requires a pullup resistor. If not used, it can be left
floating. RESET can be used to drive power-on reset circuitry or as a low-battery indicator. RESET does not assert itself
when the regulated output voltage falls outside the specified 2% tolerance, but instead reports an output voltage low relative
to its nominal regulated value (refer to timing diagram for start-up sequence).
power-good indicator
The TPS778xx features a power-good (PG) output that can be used to monitor the status of the regulator. The internal
comparator monitors the output voltage: when the output drops to between 92% and 98% of its nominal regulated value,
the PG output transistor turns on, taking the signal low . The open-drain output requires a pullup resistor. If not used, it can
be left floating. PG can be used to drive power-on reset circuitry or used as a low-battery indicator.
regulator protection
The TPS777xx and TPS778xx PMOS-pass transistors have a built-in back diode that conducts reverse currents when the
input voltage drops below the output voltage (e.g., during power down). Current is conducted from the output to the input
and is not internally limited. When extended reverse voltage is anticipated, external limiting may be appropriate.
The TPS777xx and TPS778xx also feature internal current limiting and thermal protection. During normal operation, the
TPS777xx and TPS778xx limit output current to approximately 1.7 A. When current limiting engages, the output voltage
scales back linearly until the overcurrent condition ends. While current limiting is designed to prevent gross device failure,
care should be taken not to exceed the power dissipation ratings of the package. If the temperature of the device exceeds
150°C(typ), thermal-protection circuitry shuts it down. Once the device has cooled below 130°C(typ), regulator operation
resumes.